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Thursday, June 21, 2018

Association of Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy With Risk of Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Offspring

Key Points
Question  What are the pooled estimates from existing literature examining the association between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring?
Findings  Pooled estimates from this systematic review and meta-analysis of 61 studies suggest that exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy is associated with a small yet statistically significant increase in the odds of autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in offspring compared with no exposure.
Meaning  Increased developmental screening of infants exposed to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy could allow for early intervention, which in turn may improve neurodevelopmental outcome.


Zones of Regulation Implementation and Fidelity Checklist


Wednesday, June 20, 2018

Autism’s sex ratio, explained

Autism is significantly more common in boys than in girls. This skewed sex ratio has been recognized since the first cases of autism were described in the 1940s. The exact reasons for the ratio remain unclear. It could be rooted in biological differences between the sexes. Or, some experts say, it may be an artifact of the way autism is defined and diagnosed.

Here’s how researchers estimate and explain the sex ratio in autism.

What is the sex ratio for autism?

Researchers have consistently found more boys than girls with autism when estimating the condition’s prevalence. This has been true regardless of whether the data came from parent-reported diagnoses, reviews of school and medical records, or diagnostic evaluations of children.

The most comprehensive analysis of autism’s sex ratio, published in 2017, drew on data from 54 prevalence studies worldwide. That analysis estimated about 4.2 boys with autism for every girl.

Read more here at Spectrum.

Tuesday, June 19, 2018

Data for Montana Students with Autism





















A note on the 2017 data: The OPI made a change in 2017 Child Count procedures. In previous years, the Child Count included ONLY students with autism who had an IEP in effect in the online IEP system on the first Monday in October. In 2017, this date was changed to include students who had an IEP in effect on the first Monday in October AND students who had an IEP in effect in September but whose IEP may have not have been in effect on the first Monday in October due to re-scheduled meetings. These student were still receiving special education services, but would not have been counted in previous Child Counts.



Other Data for Montana Students with Autism

Autism as a Percentage of All Disabilities:









Autism by Gender:



This is the gender ratio of 4:1 that is common in autism. The same gender ratio is present for Native American students. 












Note: 2011 was the first year in which, "multi-racial" was available as a racial choice.

 
 







Data for Montana Native American Students with Autism

 
 








 
 

































Number of Students with Autism by County 2010 - 2017














You can also play or download a short animation that shows the above changes over time. At the bottom of the page you can pause the playback and then use the progress bar button to move more slowly from year to year.

In 2017, 74% of Montana public school students with autism live in nine counties.










Friday, June 1, 2018

Leading the Way: Autism-Friendly Youth Organizations

Unfortunately, boys and girls with autism often face barriers to participating fully in youth community organizations. And so with help from respected experts in the field of autism and special education, experienced parents and caregivers, we have created Leading the Way: Autism-Friendly Youth Organizations, a guide for organizations to ensure that youth with autism have the same formative experiences through community programs that are available to their typical peers.
The purpose of this guide is to better prepare community organizations to serve youth and families with autism. The information will help organizations learn to integrate youth with autism into existing programs, communicate with parents, and train their staff.
Click here to download Leading the Way: Autism-Friendly Youth Organizations Guide. You can also download individual sections at the links below: