Monday, January 17, 2011

Closely Spaced Pregnancies Are Associated With Increased Odds of Autismin California Sibling Births.

OBJECTIVE To determine whether the interpregnancy interval (IPI) is associated with the risk of autism in subsequent births. METHODS Pairs of first- and second-born singleton full siblings were identified from all California births that occurred from 1992 to 2002 using birth records, and autism diagnoses were identified by using linked records of the California Department of Developmental Services. IPI was calculated as the time interval between birth dates minus the gestational age of the second sibling. In the primary analysis, logistic regression models were used to determine whether odds of autism in second-born children varied according to IPI. To address potential confounding by unmeasured family-level factors, a case-sibling control analysis determined whether affected sibling (first versus second) varied with IPI. RESULTS An inverse association between IPI and odds of autism among 662 730 second-born children was observed. In particular, IPIs of

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